GBRCニュース   2010.09.06


Annals of Business Administrative Science, Vol.8発行!!

Annals of Business Administrative Science, Vol.8が発行されました。
Nobuyuki Inamizu and Takahisa Wakabayashi 
A new nodel of Japanese industrial districts combining supplier-side 
and purchaser-side logic 
pp. 1-20
This paper proposes to combine supplier-side and purchaser-side logic 
in a new model of Japanese industrial districts. We interviewed large 
retail firms that were purchasers for industrial districts and 21 
small-scale firms located in Tokyo’s Ota Ward and Joto area that were 
the suppliers. Our interviews clearly highlighted the importance of 
business practices called “Kouza” and “Chouai.” Large enterprises 
on the purchaser side deal only with kouza-holding firms (direct 
suppliers) and chouai-saki, which coordinate sub-suppliers. The 
assumption of such business practices implies that firms holding kouza 
within the industrial district are a necessity for purchasers to enjoy 
economies of agglomeration.
Keywords: economies of agglomeration, local markets for special skills, 
Zejian Li
Analysis of the dynamic relationship between the emergence of 
independent Chinese automobile manufacturers and international 
technology transfer in China’s auto industry 
pp. 21-42
This paper examines the relationship between the emergence of 
independent Chinese automobile manufacturers (ICAMs) and International 
Technology Transfer. Many scholars indicate that the use of outside 
supplies is the sole reason for the high-speed growth of ICAMs. 
However, it is necessary to outline the reasons and factors that might 
contribute to the process at the company-level. This paper is based on 
the organizational view. It examines and clarifies the internal 
dynamics of the ICAMs from a historical perspective.  The paper 
explores the role that international technology transfer has played in 
the emergence of ICAMs. In conclusion, it is clear that due to direct 
or indirect spillover from joint ventures, ICAMs were able to 
autonomously construct the necessary core competitive
Keywords: marketing, international business, multinational corporations 
(MNCs), technology transfer, Chinese automobile industry
Junichi Tomita
New Product Development and Evaluating Capabilities:
The Case of the Material Industry
pp. 43-54
Effective new product development (NPD) is one of the most important 
processes firms should undertake in order to achieve a competitive 
advantage This paper will analyze the NPD process and explore 
organizational capabilities by presenting two case studies of the 
material industry. These analyses demonstrate that it is significant 
for material suppliers to evaluate not only material specifications 
but also the production process of their users and the performances 
of the users' products (system products). We call this “evaluating 
capabilities” and propose that knowledge beyond the business domain 
is necessary to achieve a competitive advantage.
Keywords: new product development (NPD), organizational capabilities, 
evaluating capabilities, material industry
Samantha Padmasiri Kaluarachchi
Successful TQM implementation in Sri Lankan public hospitals 
pp. 55-74
The study reported in this paper examines how the TQM implementation 
efforts of a Sri Lankan public hospital were accomplished alongside an 
attempt to change its culture. The study revealed that the change in 
the cultural values of the hospital occurred as a result of the 
implementation of Japanese 5S-based TQM activities. However, it was the 
democratic leadership and communication of the CEO that functioned as 
the intermediating factor for this change. The CEO’s personal values 
created and maintained an ideal type communication with the different 
employee categories for the successful integration of TQM activities. 
Further, the study revealed that the selected national cultural values 
of Sri Lanka did not constrain the democratic leadership values of the 
Keywords: democratic communication by the CEO, Japanese 5S-based TQM 
activities, Sri Lankan cultural values, Sri Lankan public hospitals, 
TQM implementation
Tetsuo Yoshimoto
Modularization, design optimization, and design rationalization:
A case study of electronics products
pp. 75-90
The purpose of this paper is to provide a review of modularization by 
Japanese firms on the basis of the analytical framework of product 
architecture. Japanese firms try to create system control modules, and 
attempt the rationalization of the design. However, they always design 
systems using the basic concept of integral type architecture. 
Modularization by Japanese firms is not a random design. It is the 
result of a design strategy that simultaneously achieves the 
optimization and rationalization of the product design. This paper 
reviews the product modularization processes of Japanese firms based on 
the analytical framework of product architecture theory. Basically, 
Japanese manufacturing firms have created system control modules to 
achieve rational product designs. However, conceptually, the system was 
always designed as an integral type. We conclude that, to Japanese 
firms, modularization is not a random choice of design but is the result 
of design strategies to simultaneously meet the optimization and 
rationalization of the product design.
Keywords: design optimization, design rationalization, design solutions, 
system control module



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